Lanzarote is the northeastern-most island of the Canary Islands, it is a little more than 130 kilometres northeast of Africa and has a total surface area of just 862 km2.
At its largest, it is 58 km long, and 34.5 Km across. Its terrain is flat, its peaks are moderate, reaching its climax in the Peñas del Chache which, located in the Risco de Famara, has an altitude of 670m.
The Island of Volcanoes
Undoubtedly, the distinguishing feature of Lanzarote is its geology. Its entirely volcanic nature, always present in the insular landscape, has earned it the nickname “The Island of Volcanoes”. Much of the territory was formed by the historic eruptions of Timanfaya that occurred between 1730 and 1736 and later, in 1824. These account for an area of approximately 174 km2, almost a quarter of the island’s surface area.
The great Heritage of Lanzarote: Nature
Its violent volcanic nature and its semi-desert bioclimatic conditions, with the singular physical geography of soft mountainous profiles and undulating plains have characterized not just the special configuration of the natural and cultural landscape of the island, but also the very relationship of its inhabitants with the difficult island environment
This has meant that the natural and humanised landscape of Lanzarote have a series of original and deeply creative characteristics. The agricultural activity is an inseparable part of the island landscape: alongside its recent volcanic flows, it has unique land crops that take full advantage of the special geo-productive and climatic conditions.
Despite its geographical location, close to the African continent, various climatic factors influence the island’s temperature, keeping it uniform throughout most of the year.
Lanzarote is subject to the trade winds produced by the anticyclone of the Azores, which mitigate the extreme temperatures. This, coupled with the regulating effect of the temperature exerted by the sea as a result of the presence of the cold current of the Canary Islands, means that Lanzarote keeps a stable temperature all year round, ranging from an average of 17°C in the months of January – February and 23ºC for the rest of the year.
Rain is rare, irregular and torrential, occurring during the winter season with an average of 150 litres per square meter.